How to Raise Baby Chicks

How To Raise Baby Chicks { A Beginners Guide with all the information you need to get started} Mmmm..fresh eggs!

I am so delighted to share all the information I have learned on how to raise baby chicks.  Whether you are dreaming of fresh eggs, learning to be more self-reliant, looking for a great pet or wanting your own home-grown chickens for meat, just about anyone can raise chickens.

I love my chickens.  But growing up I was terrified of them. The drive for learning how to be self-reliant and the desire for fresh eggs helped me to overcome my fears. I live in the city and only am allowed a couple of chickens, so I brought home 4 chirping little baby chicks this past spring.  After learning how to raise baby chicks and watching them grow, I can say they are the most enjoyable pets I have ever raised. They are super easy to care for, can be very loving, inexpensive to feed plus you get super delicious fresh eggs from them too.

How to Care for baby chicks

How To Raise Baby Chicks

You will need a few supplies and items to care for baby chicks. Here are the supplies you need.

Baby Chick Brooder Box
A brooder box or bin to keep them in. You can use a stock tank, swimming pool, your bathtub or even an old kids swimming pool.  I used a plastic tote for my chicks since I already had them hanging around my garage. Some people use a cardboard box as well, but I don’t recommend it.

Baby Chick Heat Lamp
A Heat Lamp  + Heat Bulb.  When you buy your heat bulb try to get the red light heat bulb. Chickens will peck each other to death if they see blood, so the red light will make everything red thus avoiding any pecking injuries. You could also use a white heat lamp as well and just keep a good eye out for them. Consider also keeping a backup heat lamp just in case one burns out.

A Thermometer – You will be using a heat lamp with a reflector, which you can find usually at the feed stores or even hardware stores. The temperature needs to be around 90 degrees for the first week, then can be reduced by 5 degrees each week until the chicks have their feathers in (usually around 6-8 weeks).  Watch your chicks carefully though as they will show you if they are too hot or cold. If they are huddling in the corner farthest away from the light they are too hot, and if they are huddled in a ball under the light they are too cold. Just keep an eye on how they are reacting. Use the thermometer to get your heat lamp at the right height for the temperature needed. You can find these at your local Walmart or any hardware store for around $1.00.

Some sort of bedding. Pine shavings are what I use, but you can also use pine pellets, straw or other soft materials. Avoid cedar shavings and newspaper shreds as they are not great for chicks. Baby chicks do poop a lot so be prepared to be changing this often.

Feed – get chick starter feed from feed supply stores. This is all your chicks will need to eat. If you want to start giving them treats or bugs, wait until they are one to two weeks old first, and start some chick grit at the same time. I think the first thing I treated my chicks to when they turned a week old was a single shred of cheese, they loved it.

Chicken Feeder and Waterer
A Waterer and a Feeder – I used these little plastic ones you can find at feed stores for a couple of bucks each. Make sure and change out their water every day as they often poop and kick shavings in them.

Netting or chicken wire to put above your brooder box. Little chicks will fly up within a few days usually to get out, so put netting over the top to keep them from escaping. You can use a little piece of chicken wire or fine hardware mesh that covers it.

The big Chicken Coop they will be using when they are older. It’s best to get this figured out early so they are not giant chickens in a little bin while you are trying quickly & frantically to build a coop for them.

Where to get baby chicks

Buy Baby Chicks
I called the feed store in my town to see when they have their “chick days.” Turns out most feed stores have a day where they will get in a huge lot of baby chicks where you can choose to pick up just a few or a large lot of chicks. Some even offer free deals where if you buy the feed you will be able to get a free chick. Make sure when you call you ask what breeds of chicks they will be getting in. Do some research on the kind of chickens you want to raise – whether for meat or for laying, fancy or bantam, temperments and more.

I had my kids go online and google pictures of which breed of chicken they would like to raise. They chose by color pretty much. We went down to our local feed store on “chick day” where they each brought home the kind of chick they wanted. Going the feed store was perfect for us since we are only able to have a small amount of chicks and we were able to get a variety of chicks. It was so much fun and the kids had a blast (read about it here).

You can also order your chicks or hatching eggs online. Make sure and watch because most online chicken companies will require a minimum chicken order. If you only need a few chicks consider splitting a batch with a friend. Here are some places you can order baby chicks online:

 Caring for your baby chicks at Home

How to Raise Baby Chicks
Whether you just came back from the post office or the feed store with your new baby chicks in hand, make sure all you have their nice little brooding box all ready to go. Make sure you have read all about how to raise baby chicks so you are prepared.

The first thing you need to do is dip their little beaks into their waterer for a second so they knew where the water is.

Baby Chicks Care
Then they will chirp around, eat their feed, poop and sleep.  They will just be running one minute and then drop like they are dead the next.

Sleeping chick
The drop-dead-look is normal, it’s just how they sleep. They are so adorable.

If you find your chicks are constantly kicking their pine shavings into your waterer, add a book covered in a ziplock bag or a weight underneath. It helps a little. But still check the waterer often for poop and shavings. Wash it in soap & water periodically also to keep them healthy.

Chicken Waterer

 Chicken Poop & Pasty Butt

Keep an eye out for a condition called Pasty Butt with baby chicks during the first week. If the chicks get their poop stuck to their bums, it can seal it up and will kill them if they can’t go. So if you start seeing any poop stuck you gotta wash it off. Only one of our 4 chicks had this.  Sorry if you are grossed out by this, but farming ain’t all flowers and fresh milk. ;)

Oh yeah, I am making you look at a chicken’s butt.  Tee hee..

Baby Chick Pasty Butt

So when your chick gets Pasty Butt you just need to take a warm wash cloth and wash the poop off gently. No picking it off, it can hurt them. We had our baby chick sit in some warm water (in a bowl) and gently washed it off.

Washing Baby chick

Problem is when they have wet feathers, the others will peck at them so you will want to separate them until dry. My son held our chick with a wash cloth until she was dry. He loves doing things like that.

How often do you change their pine shavings? It all depends on your preference. I had my chicks in the house and once I could smell it I would be changing it. This was usually every 3-4 days. During the first two weeks it seemed like their poop was out of control, but as they got older their poop changed to a different consistency and I was able to change it once a week.


I spent around $50-$60 for all the supplies I needed for my baby chicks including feed and bedding for 2 months. But the real expense can come with the big chicken coop you need to buy or build. If you are super thrifty you can use scrap wood, pallets or other materials and create for a really low cost. I will update this post after my chickens are a year old so we can really see how much it costs to raise them.

We have LOVED having baby chicks. They are very entertaining. Just for fun try scratching your finger to the bottom of the pine shavings bin and see if they copy you (its so cute seeing them learn to scratch for the first time.)  After a few weeks we offered them a few treats (you can buy freeze dried worms and they go nuts…). But our favorite thing is when they just fall asleep in our hands, it is the sweetest thing ever.


Good luck on raising your baby chicks! And let me know if you have any questions.46 Comments

How to Raise Baby Chicks was last modified: May 17th, 2015 by Karrie

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  1. It’s crazy how fast they grow! Our two littles from this year are at the bottom of the pecking order with our other ladies so we’re dealing with some Mean Girl drama. 😉
    So far it’s been smooth sailing with all of them the last couple of years until yesterday. I had to deal with one who had a “prolapsed vent”. NOT FUN. I think my husband is permanently traumatized, and he just held her while I did the dirty work!

  2. Oh MY Brittany!! You had to reach in there? I applaud you…I really do. You know you are a homesteader if….LOL!

    Yeah, my older two have still been picking on the newer smaller ones, so I still have to watch them, but it hopefully will just get better and better as time goes on.

  3. I applaud your dedication. Luckily we have the oak dell farm close to me so we just pick up fresh eggs (double yolked) whenever we want.

    Our shepherd would kill chickens on the spot and with the feral cats, coyotes and hawks around here, if the dog didn’t get them something else would.

    Plus you can compost the poop for your garden! Cool.

  4. kristina says:

    we are just starting out raising some baby chicks. we got everything we needed from the farm store. we’ve had them for a week now we got 11 hens an 1 rooster this morning when i went to check on them i found a dead hen. it was not the play dead look it WAS DEAD. i was wondering what all i should do so this doesn’t happen to any of the others. i of course got the dead chick out of the bin. any help would be great thanks.

    • Oh no, that is so sad. I am not sure how your chick died, it could be many things. If it wasn’t eating or drinking…or maybe it fell asleep and its beak fell into the water dish and drown. It could also have been sick before you got her. One thing I noticed my sons kindergarten class did while raising the chicks was to fill the water dish with marbles, because they came back to one that had drown overnight. So sorry you lost one…

      • kristina says:

        thank you i don’t think it drown it was no where near the water dish. it might have just been sick. we also have one that is smaller then the others and looks like she has labored breathing and is almost always under the light and ideas again thanks

        • And you have checked their bums for pasty butt right? Keep that little one warm under the heat lamp for sure, plus you might even want to separate her by making a little box inside of your box with her own little teeny food and water so she can calm down rest. Sometimes with lots of chicks they are up and down and all over each other so much that it is hard for them to get rest.

  5. Wow! Thanks for writing this! There was some “basic” information that I have never heard – vital and important! This can be very overwhelming to us want-to-be chicken-havers, lol. Loved your help!

  6. We are getting 10 chicks next week, how big of a box would you suggest and will I need to get a bigger one as the weeks go on (before they are ready for the coop)? TIA

    • For 10 chicks I would suggest the biggest bin you can find. Some people also use their bathroom tub for awhile too. When they get bigger they will probably need either 2 boxes or a run area in the daytime if its warm enough. 🙂

  7. Judy Howell says:

    My four chicks are a little over two and a half weeks old. On warm sunny days, in the 70’s, I let them visit their outside coop, but always bring them in before the sun goes down. Is this ok?

  8. LOL I read lots of books, articles etc… before I got my 25 barred and white rocks but never read the way they drop dead sleep! The first week I would go to the area and see one or two chicks sleeping, I would get distressed and start poking them thinking they had died on me. Upon poking they would start squawking, giving me the evil eye and move away. I eventually figured it out and stopped poking. They are now 4 weeks old.

  9. how do you bath a baby chick

  10. Sam Fouts says:

    I am new to this site but I love it! Thank you for all your information and tips!

  11. Great article! I just started my second flock and I’m excited to have chicks once again.

    A note: Ideal Poultry has a $25 minimum purchase, not a 25 chick minimum. I just ordered a flock of 12 mixed hens. They are a great hatchery to work with and I’m super pleased with my beautiful, healthy chicks!

  12. Crunchy Ohio Mom says:

    Welll…How was the long term?

  13. Marah Hawkins says:

    Hello, I just found your page via pinterest.
    I was wondering what kind of chick that last picture with the little boy?
    I think it may be the same as the one we have.(we got her 2nd hand, and are first time chick owners so are still learning.

  14. jadeleann says:

    My chick’s are a little over a month now and they’re starting to get poop build-up. Is there a reason now that they are getting this?

  15. Emmalee Wages says:

    Thank you! I loved the message along with the pics! very visual! And thanks for the tips on Pasty butt……our chick has this and we got the poop off…any diets to prevent pasty butt? sincerely, Emma

  16. Allyson Murphy says:

    Hello everyone, I’ve been raising chickens for quite awhile and love this site, always something to learn. Very early on (say a week old) my chicks get alfalfa sprouts daily as I grow my own they’re always on hand. They LOVE them and eat them up quick. Happy Chickens = Happy Mom

  17. Ok, I have a silly question- what do you do after they are grown? How do you build a coop? I live in central Texas. Also, how do you know if you are allowed chickens in your neighborhood?

    • After they are grown you enjoy the fresh eggs! You feed them and clean up the coop around once a week or so. Keep them watered and fed. That’s pretty much it. If you check with your local city ordinances they should be able to tell you if you are allowed chickens. Thanks!

  18. thanks that was really helpful. I have two baby bantam chicks 4 weeks old. I know they have to come in pairs otherwise there lonely. i wanted to know if you could help me?
    how can i bathe them?
    what treats can i give them?
    and i use hamster bedding is that alright to use or must i change it?
    every blog i go to they help with chickens but not bantam chickens are they they same to look after??
    this is my first time with chickens so doing lots of research!

    • I heard you don’t want cedar shavings as there is somthing toxic to them- so no hampster stuff usually unless it’s not cedar.

      As for treats you can buy them freeze dried worms, and I have used grated cheddar cheese before too, which they LOVED.

      Good luck with your babies – they are so much fun!

  19. lynnette says:

    I’m getting my chicks in a few weeks. it’s been a very long wait. I ordered in January for a April 11th hatch/ship date so it would be warmer and lower minimum purchase. I’ve had chickens for a few years now but this first hatchery order. please say a small prayer for my little chicks that they arrive safe and healthy! I’m getting Seven Barred Rocks, one penciled Rock one Golden cuckoo Maran and one suprise breed all female . Thanks for a great article 🙂 Best I 7

  20. Shannon says:

    I bought my chicks yesterday at Agway. Tonight I heard then peeping wildly, I saw one of the chicks is bleeding from the butt. It does not have pasty butt and is able to poop. I have separated her from the others as they were pecking her. Any ideas. Thank you.

  21. Help! Just got an orphan chick…still tiny enough to fit in an egg. I was hoping a hen with babies would take it with her chicks but it just sat there alone…and cold…these are chickens that wonder around our neighborhood and I think some kids or a dog must have gotten to the mother and siblings….How do I care for such a young chick…he doesn’t seem to want to or know how to eat yet…he just a poor baby all alone.

    • The baby died about an hour after my post…so sad…I tried but it seems it was too weak from being without it’s mother and I don’t know how long he was alone outside….my heart is breaking…

  22. Shirley says:

    My first time Hatching eggs our 18th day and very excited for the arrival day what do they eat in the first week when hatched.

    • They have their “yolk sac” that will feed them for the first few days and when they are ready they will start eating chick grower food. 🙂

  23. I have adopted my first six chickens one male and five females they are black copper Marans beautiful little creatures I must say I am in love I recommend this breed to anyone who respects a beautiful show chicken and yummy eggs

  24. my birds usually have CRD .what would you suggest? Thanks for the information.

  25. I have been doing alot n of research before I buy my first baby chicks. I have made my own brooder and I want to learn as much as I can before instart. This is by far the best and most helpful page I have encountered.
    Thank you Judy

  26. When I get my baby chicks, should I be putting anything special in there water? I have heard a tiny but of apple cider vinegar to prevent pasty butt. ??.

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